Discussion : Teacher Centered vs Student Centered

  1. Differentiate between Teacher Centered vs Student Centered learning strategies.
  2. Use table to compare and contrast the advantages and limitations of
    • Discussion
    • Cooperative Learning
    • Games
    • Simulations
    • Discovery
    • Problem Solving


.Differentiate between Teacher Centered vs Student Centered learning strategies.

                       Teacher-centered                         Student-centered
Depends on teachers, all source of teaching and learning are given from the teachers. Independent on their own understanding
Teacher speaks, student listen Have 2 ways communication
Teacher guides the students, responsible for the student’s understanding. Student works alone, search for information independently. They provide feedback an responds when question in uttered.
Teacher gave and answer questions. Student find their own answers, but using teachers as source of information.
Teacher will decide topics what to learn Student chooses their own topics.
Teacher will do evaluation on student progress and learning in classroom. Students will do evaluation by their own self. But teachers will also do the evaluation.
Student behaviors in classroom is passive (passive learning) Students as active learner.

Resources: http://www.nclrc.org/essentials/goalsmethods/learncentpop.html

2. Use table to compare and contrast the advantages and limitations of

  • Discussion
  • Cooperative Learning
  • Games
  • Simulations
  • Discovery
  • Problem Solving
                 Aspect               Advantages                Limitation
  •  Discussion
  • Encourages students to speak, participate.
  • Two ways of communications
  • Useful for guiding students to higher level of thinking and inquiry
  • Helps students identify and build on their existing knowledge.
  • time consuming
  • Requires discipline, because it relies on student willingness to participate in a discussion. Normally only some will respond to a question and answer.
  • Cannot ensure full participations.
  • Cooperative learning
  • Allows student to progress beyond what they would have been able to learn alone by sharing mental models and observing thought processes of others.
  • Allows students to actively participate in problem solving processes by brainstorming, discussion and presentation.
  • Develop high critical thinking
  • Development of general communication abilities, empathy and social skills.
  • Fear of plagiarism
  • Requires discipline. Some learner may not participate in the group work but still get credits.
  • Games
  • Active learner
  • Increase motivation
  • Promotes team learning and collaborative skills
  • Instill confidence within students through the challenges
  • Can create anger disappointment in-group or out group.
  • Demotivate those whom are uncompetitive
  • Can discourage creativity if the goals in only for winning
  • Simulations
  • Make us feel like the real situation
  • Allows for focused learning that eliminates irrelevant aspects
  • Provide immediate feedback
  • Can be expensive
  • Have limitation for number of people in the same time.
  • Discovery
  • Encourages motivation, active involvement and creativity
  • Ensures high level of memory
  • Endless wandering and seeking for answer, might be confusing
  • Teachers needs to be well prepared
  • Problem solving
  • Develop critical thinking
  • Greater output
  • Communication is improved
  • Better solution
  • Time consuming
  • Undirected
  • Unhealthy competition-while we eager to express our ideas, others opinion may be ignored.



Instructional Design Models and Theories: The Discovery Learning Model




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